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  • Interesting Facts

    1. Located in the Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina has borders with Croatia in the west and north, Serbia in the east, Montenegro in the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea very close in the south, with a small border or Croatia separating the two.
    2. Majority of the landscape in Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous and comprises of areas of karst (limestone).
    3. Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics. This was the first Winter Olympics in a communist country. There were 1272 athletes from 49 countries. Most medals were won by athletes of the USSR, and the most gold medals by German competitors. A total of about 250,000 tickets were sold.
    4. In 2010, Lonely Planet’s “Best In Travel” nominated Sarajevo as one of the top ten cities to visit that year.
    5. The country is nicknamed the “Heart Shaped Land” due to the country’s slight heart shape.
    6. The name “Bosna” comes from an Indo-European word Bosana, which means water. Which is fitting as the country is covered with beautiful lakes, rivers, waterfalls, and a strip of the Adriatic Sea.
    7. Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two Entities – the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic Srpska. There is also an internationally supervised district, the Brcko District.
    8. National symbol of Bosnia and Herzegovina is golden lily.
    9. It has a currency that can not be exchanged anywhere else in the world. The Bosnian Convertible Mark (BAM) can’t be bought outside the country. So when you arrive you exchange your existing currency or withdraw from the ATM. On leaving, it is exchanged back again or the only use is as an expensive souvenir when you get “back home”.
    10. Established in 1995 during the Bosnian War, Sarajevo Film Festival has become the largest and most famous film festival in the Balkans and South-East Europe.
    11. The Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar is a place of memory to its multicultural background. The (Old) Bridge is its major landmark, and the town even was named after the bridge keepers (mostari). The Bridge was built in 1566 upon design of the great Ottoman architect Kodja Mimar Sinan and constructed by his pupil architect Hayruddin.
    12. The “Bosnian Pyramids” were allegedly found in Visoko. The idea of pyramids in Visoko came from the theory of pseudo-explorer Semir Osmanagic, who claimed that not far from the town of Visoko there were pyramids built by humans in the past. According to the same theory, the largest pyramid, the Pyramid of the Sun (and the first of its kind in Europe), was situated on Visocica Hill, while the Pyramid of the Moon was on the Pljesevica Hill.
    13. The 2014 World Cup was historic for Bosnia and Herzegovina. For the first time since achieving independence, the national team played at a major football tournament. Bosnia and Herzegovina were the only debutant team in Brazil, and their participation came 19 years on from the end of the conflict in the region. The Dragons won their qualification group almost with ease, scoring 30 goals in 10 matches.
    14. Bosnia and Herzegovina was the world champion of volleyball at the 2004 Summer Paralympics and volleyball at the 2012 Summer Paralympics. Many of the team members lost their limbs in the Bosnian War.
    15. Bosnia and Herzegovina has the tenth highest coffee consumption per capita in the world.
    16. Trams were first regulary used in Europe in Sarajevo, starting in 1885.
    17. Tuzla city in Bosnia derives its name from the word “tuz”, the Turkish work for salt. Tuzla’s salt comes from its salt water springs.
    18. The highest peak is Maglic Mountain at 2,386 metres and is found in the Sutjeska National Park, the oldest park in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  It includes the ancient forest of Perucica and the Sutjeska river canyon.
    19. There are over 700,000 people that are visitors are travel to Bosnia and Herzegovina every year.  According to the World Tourism Organization, it will have the third highest tourism growth rate worldwide from 1995 to 2020.  Attractions include the city of Sarajevo, historical sites, national parks, or the different landscapes, lakes, and waterfalls.
    20. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fertile country and can support growth of wheat, corn, fruits, and vegetables. In the Herzegovina region they grow figs, pomegranates, grapes, kiwis, rose hip, and mandarins. To the northeast they use more than 50% of the land for agriculture.
    21. One of the longest rivers of the Balkans is river Tara in Bosnia. Canyon of river Tara is a unique phenomenon in its depth of 1000 and 1300 meters in some places. It ranks just behind the Grand Canyon of Colorado River in the United States. River Tara has its average fall of 3.6m/km, and it makes whole bunch of waterfalls – rapids and cascades which give a big compliment to national park Durmitor, which River Tara belongs to.
    22. There are three official languages which are all really the same. Before the terrible conflicts of the 1990’s the language here was known as Serbo-Croatian (with dialects). Today that same language is now either Serbian, Croatian or Bosnian (dependant on your ethnic background). Even the same health warning appears three times on the same cigarette pack!
    23. Bosnia and Herzegovina has the last remaining jungle in Europe at Perućica. It may not be huge being some 6 kilometers long and 1–3 kilometers wide, but with an area of 1,400 hectares, the Perućica forest has many trees that are 300 years old, and the forest’s vintage is stated to be 20,000 years. In some places the forest growth is almost impregnable.
    24. Smoking is almost an Olympic sport. Laws are slowly coming into effect regarding smoking in public places but old habits die hard as they say. If smoking were an Olympic sport Bosnia and Herzegovina could hold its own, even winning against competition from Russia!
    25. Skier Jure Franko won a silver medal – Yugoslavia’s first Winter Olympics medal.
    26. Danis Tanović won in 2002 the Oscar award for the best foreign film, No Man’s Land. This Bosnian writer and director became a celebrity in the international film community practically overnight with the release of his drama about the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. No Man’s Land is one of the most highly awarded films in the history of Bosnian cinematography. Numerous awards, 42 in all, include the Golden Globe and an Oscar.
    27. Grbavica, a movie by Jasmila Žbanić, won the most important prize at the 2006 Berlinale, the Golden Bear. This award belongs to the most respected awards in the world of film, given the fact that the Berlin International Film Festival, which hosts more than 16,000 film professionals from about 80 countries every year, is one of the most important dates on the international film industry’s calendar.
    28. Bosnia is believed to have been in inhabitation at least since the Neolithic age.
    29. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the distinction between a Bosnian and a Herzegovinian is maintained as a regional, not an ethnic, distinction.
    30. Each region had its own local hereditary nobility and customs, and was divided into districts (Župas). The typical Bosnian family of this period had possession of its land without dependence on a feudal relationship to prince or king, as was the case in much of Europe.
    31. The region of Hum (today’s Herzegovina), on the other hand, was settled by Serbs in the interior, was mixed Orthodox and Catholic in the coastal area and mostly ruled by princes of the Serbian dynasty (Nemanja) until 1326.
    32. Stećak, a medieval tombstone is a religious monument that can be seen throughout the countryside of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    33. Sheep-farming is basic activity for the people who live in the mountain regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. For many of them it is the only income they can have here. Since the pasture is of excellent quality, no polution at all, the sheep meat from Bosnia is delicious.